What are the different types of adoption?
Private adoption: Usually the most expensive route to adoption, private adoption is mostly done through adoption agencies. The birth parents place the child with the agency, and the agency places him or her with the parents. It can also be called “infant adoption” or “domestic adoption.”
Private adoption (also called agency adoption) can be very expensive and difficult, and in some cases can take years. There are open adoptions where the birth parents have involvement, and closed adoptions, where they don’t. Those decisions are made between birth parents and families, with the facilitation of the agency.
International adoption: International adoption is where prospective parents adopt from another country, sometimes from an orphanage. People sometimes choose international adoption because the waiting times and costs associated with them are less than private adoption and happen on a more predictable schedule, but it’s not an expedited timeline. Not all countries allow international adoption. Some countries that do are China, Ethiopia, South Korea and Ukraine, to name a few.
Adoption of foster children: Adopting children from the foster care or child welfare system is another type of adoption. There are over many children waiting in foster care for a loving home, but it’s not always a quick path, either. The main goal of foster care is to reunite foster children with their families, and when that isn’t an option, then adoptions happen. Newborns are the most requested age for fostering. The average age of a child in foster care is 8.
Relative adoption: Relative adoption, or sometimes called kinship adoption, is when a member of the birth parents’ families adopts a child into their own. They take on full legal custody of the child.
How much does it cost to adopt a baby?
By comparison, international adoption can be as “low” as $20,000.
Regardless of the type of adoption, you and your partner should discuss your financial situation, potential expenses (including schooling) and more to find out if adoption is right for your family.
Can you adopt a baby for free?
Can you adopt a newborn baby quickly?
Can you adopt older children?
What are the emotional implications of adoption?
Remember, parenthood is a massive undertaking, whether you’re pregnant or adopting, but it’s an absolutely rewarding one.