We know you’ve got a lot of questions about your baby’s sleep habits but not much time to read the answers. Voila! Los Angeles pediatrician Harvey Karp, M.D., creator of the popular book and DVD The Happiest Baby on the Block, shares super-quick advice—we’re talking 25 words (or less).
Q. How much sleep do babies need in a day?
A. On average: Newborns, about 16 hours; 6 to 9 months, 14 hours; 9 to 12 months, 13 hours.
Q. What’s the fastest way to get a newborn to calm down for sleep?
A. Wrap your baby snuggly in a blanket—it mimics the close quarters of the womb.
Q. Do babies really need to sleep on their backs?
A. Yes, to prevent Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS). Once baby’s a year old and can roll over, he can sleep on his stomach or back.
Q. Will feeding baby more at night or putting cereal in her bottle help her sleep longer?
A. No. It can actually lead to indigestion, which makes it harder for baby to sleep.
Q. If you keep baby up late, will he fall asleep faster and sleep better?
A. Nope. Being overtired amps up baby’s stress hormones and leads to more night wakings.
Q. Should I be waking my baby up for feedings at night?
A. Possibly—it depends on how a baby is gaining weight. Discuss with your pediatrician.
Q. What’s the deal with crib bumpers—do or don’t?
A. A don’t for newborns, says the American Academy of Pediatrics. They increase the SIDS risk.
Q. Crib aquariums and white noise machines: good idea or not?
A. Good idea: They’re soothing. Also, your baby will associate whooshing sounds with sleep (and sleep)!
Q. When do babies start sleeping through the night?
A. More than half of babies sleep five to eight hours at a stretch anywhere from 2 to 6 months old.
Q. If baby sleeps well in a car seat, is it OK to have him sleep in it at night?
A. No—babies can’t breathe as well sitting up, another SIDS risk. Transfer him to a crib.
Q. How do I get my newborn to sleep nights instead of days?
A. Keep her awake more often during the day and do several feedings in the evening.
Q. How important is it to have a bedtime ritual for babies?
A. They’re key. Routines help even newborns know what’s coming, so they’re more ready to snooze.
Q. How do I discourage nighttime wakings, as baby gets older?
A. Don’t be fun or playful and keep the lights low. Baby will get the message.
Q. When is it time to "sleep train" my baby?
A. Wait until at least 6 months, when baby’s brain has matured enough to establish patterns.