Food recommendations from NYC-based nutritionist Keri Glassman, M.S., R.D.
Sometimes, it seems like your tot exists on air. Is that really enough food to keep her going? The good news: Little ones need to eat a lot less than you think. Here are some guidelines, from mom of two and New York City-based nutritionist Keri Glassman, M.S., R.D. (Just remember that all kids are different, so yours may eat more or less than these amounts.)
Birth to 3 months:
4 to 6 months:
Liquids: About four to seven bottles daily; 4 oz. per feeding. If you’re breastfeeding, nurse whenever your baby is hungry. As he gets older, he will breastfeed less often.
Cereal: At around six months, introduce iron-fortified, single-grain cereals. (Your baby’s natural reserves of iron begin to deplete at around 6 months.) Start with one teaspoon of dry rice cereal mixed with 4 to 5 teaspoons of expressed breast milk or formula. Gradually thicken the consistency and increase to one tablespoon of dry cereal mixed with breast milk or formula. "Offer it twice a day, but don’t expect your baby to eat much at first," says Glassman.
6 to 8 months:
Liquids: About four or five bottles per day, 6 to 8 oz. at a time.
Cereal: Mix 3 to 9 tablespoons of infant cereal with breast milk, formula, or water for two or more feedings daily.
Solids: Your baby is ready! "Introduce new textures slowly. Good starters are mashed bananas, mashed avocados, pureed or strained fruits like bananas, pears, apples, and apricots," says Glassman. Start with one teaspoon of fruit two to three times per day, gradually increasing to ¼ to ½ cup per feeding. Also offer one teaspoon of veggies two to three times per day, gradually increasing to ¼ to ½ cup perfeeding.
8 to 10 months:
Liquids: About three to four bottles per day, for a total of 16 to 32 oz.
Cereal: Feed your baby about ¼ to ½ cup iron-fortified infant cereal at each meal.
Solids: Your baby can have about ½ to 1 cup of pureed fruits and veggies a day, ¼ to ½ cup non-pureed fruit, ¼ to ½ cup non-pureed vegetables, ¼ to 1/3 cup dairy, 3 to 4 oz. non-citrus juices, and 1/8 to ¼ cup protein (pasteurized cheese cut into small pieces, cooked lentils, pintos, or black or red beans). Start to introduce pea-size pieces of meat (like cooked chicken, turkey, beef, and pork). You no longer have to puree veggies: "Just cook until soft or mash up soft foods like bananas and avocados," says Glassman. You can also serve finger foods like small o-shaped cereals and small pieces of cooked pasta, as well as dairy foods like yogurt and cottage cheese.
10 to 12 months:
Liquids: About three to four bottles per day, for a total of 16-24 oz.
Solids: A well-rounded daily menu includes ¼ to ½ cup rice, mashed potatoes, pasta, or iron-fortified cereal;¼ to ½ cup fruit; ¼ to ½ cup vegetables; 1/3 cup dairy; 1/8 to ¼ cup protein foods; and 3 to 4 oz. non-citrus juices. "At this point, your baby can try eating most of the foods you eat now, if they are cut up or mashed properly so that he can safely chew and swallow," says Glassman.
If your child is 1 to 3 years old:
Liquids: Toddlersneed about 4 cups or more of total beverages per day, which includes drinking water and milk. (Limit fruit juice to 4 to 6 oz. daily.)
Food: "On average, your toddler should consume about 1,300 calories a day to promote normal growth and weight gain," says Glassman. Kids this age typically need 2 cups of dairy (milk, cheese, or yogurt); 5 ounces of grains (bread, cereal, rice, pasta, crackers); 4 ounces of protein; 1½ cups of fresh or cooked veggies; and 1½ cups of fresh or cooked fruit.
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